Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone. In general, steroids are made from the roots of Mexican sesaparilla, this curling plant, used to produce toning additives. The components of the anabolic steroid are obtained chemically, using the root of this plant.
Testosterone is a male sex hormone that stimulates isocaloric the growth of the tissues to which it affects, mainly muscle tissue. Testosterone has both anabolic and androgenic effect. The androgenic effect promotes the growth of the hair on the face, gives the male voice a low tone, develops the sexual organ and erection.
If you simplify the formulation, then anabolic steroids can be imagined as an artificially created male hormone that causes the development of male genital organs and promotes muscle growth.
General data for the application
some general data on the effects and advantages of anabolic steroids on the human body, and how real steroids work, increasing your athletic performance:
There is an increase in power indicators.
Steroids strengthen the synthesis of protein in the body, increase the thickness of myofibril elements (actin and myosin) responsible for muscle contraction. Some researchers attribute some additional increase in strength indicators to changes in the volume of cell fluid (sarcoplasma) and total water retention
There is an increase in muscle volume (muscle mass).
Anabolic steroid hormones stimulate the corresponding receptors of muscle cell molecules that activate specific genes for protein production, spurring its synthesis, affect the enzymatic system involved in protein metabolism. In this regard, and the ability to perceive more food (in the form of concentrates) protein increases.
There is an opinion that anabolic steroids possess an anti-catabolic effect, that is, they prevent the disintegration of muscle tissue, inevitably caused by high-intensity training.
However, the increase in muscle volume is mainly due to the growth of myofibrils and an increase in the volume of sarcoplasm. There is also a phenomenon of a certain increase in blood volume, which also contributes to an increase in muscle volume.
There is some anesthetic effect of steroids
Clinical evidence for the use of anabolic steroids in medical anabolic steroids a question practice was originally and is anesthesia, with arthritis and tendonitis. In addition, this is confirmed by many athletes who used steroids.
An increase in endurance and ability to perform more intensive and / or more extensive training was noted.
There is an opinion that using anabolic steroids during training increases the number of mitochondria in muscle cells, whereby cells receive an increased ability to utilize oxygen. It is also assumed that the hemoglobin level in the blood also increases (which is the main oxygen-transport factor), which additionally increases endurance.
In addition, some researchers believe that some increase in blood pressure, usually observed with the use of steroids, causes the effect of dilating the lumen of blood vessels. This improves the flow of blood to the working muscles, which increases the performance of muscles.
There is reason to believe that an increase in the ability underground anabolics by william llewellyn to perform more intensive training is the result of the increasing ability of the body to resynthesize creatine phosphate. Without enough creatine phosphate, the muscles quickly become fatigued, the concentration of lactic acid sharply increases.
There is also an increasing ability to accumulate muscle glycogen (“fuel” for strength training).
There is a reduction in the time required for recovery after training.
As mentioned above, advantages of steroids contribute to the synthesis of protein, the slowing down of nitrogen excretion, as a result of which there is a process of improving recovery after intensive training, injuries or surgeries. From a practical point of view, this increases the effectiveness of strength training. Repeatedly more rapid and effective healing of injured ligaments, muscles and bones was noted. There is an opinion that with a properly trained training process, the risk of muscle tearing or stretching is reduced.
There are also some favorable psychological effects of the use of steroids.
There is an opinion that taking anabolic steroids complete bodybuilding program leads to a specific psychological state of the body, characterized by a sense of euphoria, increased aggression and increased tolerance of stress. This, in the final analysis, allows athletes to train with heavy loads.
There are the following psychological effects:
- a general psychological upsurge and a stronger desire to train;
- increased aggression (so-called “fighting qualities”);
- Increased ability to better tolerate pain;
- Increased ability to set and achieve goals.